How do we use science to explain natural phenomena?
Science uses logic to explain natural phenomena. Natural phenomena can be and have been explained by religious and cultural beliefs. For example, the Eskimos believed that the aurora borealis [shown below] occurred when the Spirits came to take the souls of the deceased to heaven. Science, using reasoning, evidence, and experimentation, explains it differently. When science is used to explain natural phenomena, hypotheses are formed, with the support of background information, that predict how the phenomena occur. Using observations and experiments, if possible, scientists conclude how natural phenomena occur with theories. Going back to the aurora borealis, scientists have found out how it is occurs scientifically! They found out, after large studies, that the aurora borealis occurs when charged particles from outer space collide with gas particles in Earth's upper atmosphere (layer of gases around the Earth). Scientists have discovered the causes of many natural phenomena including the aurora borealis, thunderstorms, hurricanes, floods, and many others!